Feminism: Advancing A Fourth Wave


Nikhilesh Tiwari  is an Assistant professor in the department of English at Agra College Agra, Nikhilesh Tiwari has previously worked with numerous government institutions in variuos capacities i.e. Assistant teacheerr, Lecture, translator and hindi Pradhyapak. The wide range of experience taken therefrom, impelled him to contribute something to Feminism, one of the ost debated and discussed topics. He has saveral research articles and research papers in English literature to his credit. This book is the fruit of his veerrsatility and experimential knowledge.



This Book makes an effort to dissect the emergence of various feminist movements. For many, “Feminism” refers to a worldwide movement that women from all walks of life have launched to end the patriarchal system of power that benefits males. There have been four major movements of feminism in history, all of which have sought to end the mistreatment of women. The first wave of feminism, which emerged in the United States and Europe in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, was primarily concerned with expanding women’s access to the franchise and other areas of the law. Beginning in the 1960s and lasting into the 1990s, the second wave of feminism was started by women of all races and ethnicities in the West and the developing world. It campaigns to end domestic violence, marital rape, sexual harassment, and rape, as well as for equal educational and career opportunities, maternity leave, birth control, and abortion rights, etc. The third wave of feminism, which spans from the 1990s to the 2000s, is characterized by a vigorous criticism of earlier feminist political movements. Women in this movement see themselves as powerful and defiant, and they are not susceptible to sexist patriarchy in the workplace. Around 2012, a new feminism emerged, one that relies heavily on social networking sites like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, YouTube, etc. As a result of feminist movements, several nations have passed legislation encouraging women to take part in all aspects of public life. This research makes an effort to elucidate some topics associated with feminism’s four distinct phases.

In the past, feminist movements have been too exclusive, developing inside the narrow mind-set of the Western upper class and focusing on the problems and demands of that group. A new wave of feminism has emerged in the wake of the information technology revolution. Feminist activist groups may benefit from the internet’s inclusive environment and ease of use when it comes to organizing mass protests. It also helps in highlighting shared structural disparities by connecting local tales with global ones. However, the internet can also be a place where bigotry and misogyny flourish. This summary tries to examine the impact that digitization may have on women’s mobility, particularly in developing countries like India. This is accomplished through analyzing current forms of cyberfeminism in the context of postcolonial and postmodern feminist theory. The advantages and disadvantages of online advocacy are also highlighted in the summary. This book is significant because it shifts the focus of gender study away from women and towards feminism in the context of leisure studies. For anyone interested in diversity, women’s studies, multiculturalism, social justice, gender, leisure, LGBTQQ studies, or feminist research, this book is a must-read.

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